A royal Ottoman decree promoting Hashem al-Atasi to the 3rd degree of civil notability - 1898

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Image Source: Bassel al-Atasi Archive

Hashem al-Atasi at the time was governor of Sahyoun, which was later renamed al-Hiffa in Syria. He rose through Ottoman ranks and served as prime minister and head of Syria's first parliament in 1919, then became president in 1936-1939, 1949-1951, and 1954-1955. He was later promoted to 1st degree under the Ottoman Empire, earning him the honorific title of “Bey.”