Abdul Rahman Shahbandar was a chief architect of the revolt against the Ottoman Empire in 1916-1918. He served as political advisor to King Faisal I in 1918-1920, and briefly as Foreign Minister under Hashem al-Atasi. When the French occupied Syria, he was exiled to Egypt where he co-founded the Syrian-Palestinian Congress aimed at liberating Syria and Palestine from French and British occupation. He returned to Syria, only to get arrested in April 1922, charged with receiving illegal funds from the US to topple the Mandate. A military court sentenced him to 20-years behind bars. He was pardoned, exiled, and returned to Syria yet again to co-lead the Great Syrian Revolt of 1925. A French court sentenced him to death and he fled to Egypt where he remained until being pardoned in 1936. Abdul Rahman Shahbandar was assassinated at his clini in Damascus in 1941.