President Hafez al-Assad with his eldest son Basel and younger brother Rifaat, commander of the Special Forces, in the early 1980s

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This is a rare photo of the Assad family. Basel, who was being groomed by his father, was killed in a car crash in 1994. Rifaat, who had his eyes set on the presidency, tried to stage a coup and failed in 1984. The Syrian President banished him to Europe, with orders never to return. He eventually did, but only briefly, in the mid-1990s.