The Ottoman Flag remained the official flag of Syria until the last Ottoman troops left Damascus on September 30, 1918.
The Faysal Flag is the Flag of the Arab Revolt of 1916-1918. It was adopted as the official flag of Syria by the royal Hashemite Family. It became official on September 30, 1918 and remained in-use until March 8, 1920, when Faysal was crowned as Faysal I, King of Syria.
The second Faysal Flag remained in-use from March 8, 1920 until the Faysal regime was toppled on July 24, 1920, and replaced by the French Mandate. It was later adopted as the official flag of Jordan, with a slight change in color order.
The first flag under the French Mandate. It was adapted by the French High Commissioner General Henri Gouraud and remained official from July 24, 1920 until September 1, 1920.
The second flag under the French Mandate. It was adapted by Syrian Prime Minister Jamil al-Ulshi, who suggested inserting the French Flag into the Syrian one. It remained in-use from June 22, 1922 until 1930.
The third flag under the French Mandate. It was adapted during the era of Prime Minister Taj al-Din al-Hasani, from 1930 to January 1, 1932.
The fourth flag under the French Mandate. This flag survived the longest throughout Syrian history. It remained in-use from January 1, 1932 until Syria merged with Egypt to create the United Arab Republic (UAR) in 1958-1961. When union was dissolved on September 28, 1961, it was restored, only to be abrogated again when the Baath Party came to power on March 8, 1963. It survived all the upheavals in Syria of the 1940s and 1950s, remaining official for 27 years. It is called "The Flag of Independence" because it was in-use when Syria achieved independence from the Mandate on April 17, 1946.
The current flag of Syria. It was adopted by President Gamal Abd al-Nasser of Egypt on February 22, 1958 and abrogated by the post-union regime of President Nazim al-Qudsi on September 28, 1961, to completely dislocate Syria from the United Arab Republic (UAR).
The first flag of the Baath Party regime, adopted by the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) on March 8, 1963 until January 1, 1972.
The new flag adopted by President Hafez al-Asad on January 1. 1972. It remained official during the Arab-Israeli War of 1973 and was abrogated on March 29, 1980.
The current flag of the Syrian Republic. President Hafez al-Asad restored the union flag of 1958-1961, showing his commitment to Arab unity.